Keto Diet is a low carb and a high fat diet. This diet forces the body to work on fats rather than carbohydrates. This reduction of carbohydrates helps the body to change into a metabolic state called Ketosis. In this state, the liver starts to convert fats into small particles called ketones (because of which it is called a keto diet) which supply constant energy to the brain. As the body starts running on the ketones, thus the body starts utilizing the existing body fat and result in a quick weight loss. Standard Ketogenic Diet is based on 5% carbs, 15%-20% proteins and 75%-80% Fats.
History of Ketogenic Diet
The ketogenic diet was first used to treat the patients of epilepsy back in 1900’s in place of non-mainstream fasting. However, in 1920’s it is abandoned because of the use of medications in place of the diet. But later 20% to 30% people fail to achieve the results on medications. So, this group and children were once again put on the ketogenic diet to cure the epilepsy. In 1921, Rollin Turner Woodyatt was first reported that the ketone bodies were produce by the liver when the people were starved for the food or were placed on this low carb diet. Later, Dr. Russel Morse conducted his research on epilepsy patient by putting them on the low carb diet and found that their liver produces special bodies called ketones which provides extra energy to the brain. After his research he used the term “ketogenic diet” to describe this fat burning due to high level of ketones in the body.
Eenfeldt, D. A. (2018, November 27). A Ketogenic Diet for Beginners. https://www.dietdoctor.com/low-carb/keto
Mawer, R. (2018, July 30). The Ketogenic Diet: A Detailed Beginner's Guide to Keto. https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/ketogenic-diet-101